Animal Cloning Research Paper

 

Cloning

Cloning in Pop Culture:

There are many movies out there having to do with the idea of having clones of someone or something. Inmovies, it usually is always with the case of humans. Here are some examples of some movies and showsthat have cloning involved in them.The one that is the least likely to happen is the one in Dexter’s Lab. In Dexter’s lab, the characters speak of a “cloning machine” like it’s a copying machine. Cloning just doesn’t work that way.

What is cloning?

In Nature:

In nature, cloning is the process of producing populations of genetically-identical individuals. The organismsthat are involved in “cloning” are usually the ones involved in asexual reproduction, such as bacteria, plants,and insects.

In Biotechnology:

In biotechnology, cloning is the process used to create artificial copies of DNA fragments, cells, or organisms. Usually this is done by taking out the chromosomes in an egg cell by removing the nucleus andreplacing them with ones extracted from an adult organism. The egg is then implanted in the womb of ananimal – usually one closest in species to the original organism, and left to develop into first an embryo, andthen into a living organism.

Two Different Types of Cloning:

There are two different types of cloning: therapeutic and reproductive. Reproductive cloning involvescreating an organism in order to make a copy of it – it’s the one we most commonly know. Therapeuticcloning is used for many things including stem cell research, research into human development, and genetherapies.While both uses the same methods of development, the differences are that reproductive cloning is whenthe scientists allow the embryo to grow into a living organism, such as an anima, while therapeutic cloning iswhen the somatic cell is allowed to grow for approximately two weeks and then cells that were grown inside,usually a human tissue or stem cells, would be extracted. These things that are “grown” are usually stemcells, human tissue, or even whole organs that are used as a replacement organ during transplants inhumans.

Human Cloning:

In present day, human cloning is

NOT

possible in most areas of the world. The reason for this is currently,any biological experimentation on humans is illegal in most of the world (including drug tests) UNLESShumans volunteer for them. The debate arose only after the famous Dolly the Sheep, the first animal clone,was produced in 1996 when the idea that if people could clone a sheep, they could clone humans started todevelop. Several reasons for why this is illegal are because of the religious and ethical controversiessurrounding this issue. Not only that but seeing as 1 or 2 out of 100 attempts at cloning were successful andbecause we also have a lack of understanding regarding human reproductive cloning, it would be unethicalto try.Even if the cloning were to be successful, scientists aren’t sure of the impact it would have on the humanclone’s mind. As mood and intellect aren’t as important to mice and cows, for a healthy human, these arevery important.

Animal Cloning Essay

2148 WordsJul 26th, 20109 Pages

Final Essay: Multiple Sources, Research Based Argumentative Essay
Animal Cloning: Beneficial to Humans
Today’s technology develops so quickly that many impossible things become true; the example is cloning technology. Cloning is a process used to create an exact copy of a mammal by using the complete genetic material of a regular body cell. Different from the common propagate, cloning needs only one cell and without sex. Cloning, as of recent years, has become a very controversial issue in society but cloning can have several positive effects for the well being of society. Many people in society believe that scientists should develop a clone human but many people and especially the government are against human cloning. Hundreds of…show more content…

Farmers are using different technology for breeding. They used selective breeding to produce animals that exhibit desirable traits and they get more benefit from it. For example, using breeding techniques farmers makes cows which produce more milk with less lactose, and sheep which produce more wool. Farmers accept this new selective breeding technology because in the past, farmers would use growth hormones to promote such qualities. This became problematic when residue of the hormones remained in the meat, leaving it with a foul taste. When researchers began to clone transgenic animals, it became possible to develop certain traits in animals, which increased the quality of their yield. When a farmer would like to raise the standards of a herd, the breeding process is very slow and sometimes incomes can decrease (Wilmut 23). Many times when relying on sexual breeding alone to mass-produce these animals, there are chances of breeding out the desired traits (Freudenrich). Transgenic animal cloning will result in higher quality meats and dairies without the use of artificial hormones. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration released in January 2008 concluded “edible products from normal, healthy clones or their progeny do not appear to pose increased food consumption risks relative to comparable products from conventional animals.” After 2008, US Food and Drug Administrative agree to use

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