This report explains how the leadership styles suit individual member of a team. It also disuses the advantages and disadvantages of leadership styles and offers suggestions in what situation the company managers should choose to alter their leadership styles. This report concentrated on Goleman .D. 2002 leadership styles.
Leadership styles is said to be the providing of direction, plans and also motivating people. It is important in a firm and does not matter if you manage a company of 150 employees or even if you are the only employee. It is enough to have only one way of leading, different circumstances requires separate method of management styles.
This report, I will give the various ways of leadership styles that will suit and individual in a firm or company. This leadership styles also has his advantages and disadvantages, but it is also important to know that some of them damages organizations in long-term by reducing flexibility and dedication of employees.
This primary aim of this report is to enable you know how all these leadership styles works in our life as we plan leading someday. Some of these leadership styles are directive leadership style which is known to be the oldest, participative, laissez faire and also adaptive, this one works into the environment and individual being.
An article Grown co conference of February 2012 talks about this leadership styles and states: ‘Adapting our approach to consider the context and individual we are working with is important in developing and leading a staff.’
Another article in my research by (Goleman.D.2002) created a six leadership styles and also discovered that leaders used one of these styles at anytime. Though they have their own description, when to use them and also their weakness. They are commanding/coercive, visionary/Authoritative, affricative, Democratic, Pacesetting and also coaching system of leadership style.
Goleman, D. Six leadership styles
The Coercive Leadership styles: This is a system of doing what is said, and this is only use when there is urgency or crisis, the Weakness in this style is that members do not feel free as they are treated like workers, and their opinion is not needed. When a firm needs complete turnover this style is always use since there will be no time for group discussion. Example are crisis or under performance employee or the enforcement of health and safety regulations. In order words short term purpose is what this style needed just for the job to be done, since the impact can be negative.
The Authoritative or visionary Leadership style: This style of leadership encourages people towards a vision. It should be best used when a new vision and direction is needed. The weakness of this style is that it lacks the ability to help members of a team understand when the goal or vision is gotten from. It is known to be the expert in the firm since it sees the way forward, directing the company to success, they lead the team to achieve their goal and this can be effective when there is a new direction.
The Afflictive Style of Leadership: this leadership style focuses on emotional needs over work, and is known to be used for getting through stressful conditions. This leadership styles helps in building a team in the firm, they put the employees first in the agenda in the aspect of encouragement and also feedback, and they also have a good relationship with the team. This style is mostly implemented when there is low morale or poor team work. Encouraging this method will help in providing good team performance. Though the negative aspect can be poor performance going without feedback. In this situation, you must be mindful to adjust this style to get the required or positive feedback when necessary.
The Democratic style of leadership: This style of leadership deals with the pattern of listening to both bad and good news, this helps in getting the required result from employees. The weakness can be, doing a lot of listening and very little action that is effective. It takes team vote to making decisions thereby causing improvement. The key to this is communicating and it can only be done when opinions are listened by group. It is only when the firm is ready for this style that working environment for employees will be good and the level of morale will be heightened. Workers always believe that their suggestions count, due to this thought they are committed in achieving the goals and aims of the organization. Moreover decisions are still to be made effectively and also in a timely manner.
The pacesetting leadership style: this is a method that brings out challenges and also exciting goals for people. This can be used when the team is totally motivated and reliable. It can only be used when the employees are self motivated and skilled. The setup a high level of performance for themselves and also the group as a perfect example of behaviour they seek from other members of the group.
The coaching leadership style: the styles helps people to find their strength and weakness and could be used when individual need to build longer term strengths. This style of leadership helps in focusing in their individual or personal development, and also achieving a goal in their job, this style helps in developing the unskilled members of the team to be successful working closely and also coaching them. This can only be achieved when employees acknowledge their weakness and be ready to improve on it by seeking for more ideas.
This report was conducted with the help of articles found on the Internet, Books, Journal found in the Birmingham university electronic library, it has proven to be academically reliable website. Yahoo UK is also said to be a reliable source as it is a British newspaper. The primary source of information was the internet because of the amount of information or resources such as news, report and can provide up to date information which are important. Most of the information from this report is got from other website where people can openly post their articles, Articles are being referred to but not included in the report, as it is not from a reliable source like Wikipedia have be avoided.
As explained by grown co Conference of 2010 leaders are expected to treat their employees as part of them, rather than making them feel like they are mere workers in the firm. Several benefits of these leadership styles are:
Coercive leadership style
Democratic leadership styles
‘ It helps to develop peoples skills
‘ It encourages creativity
‘ Members have high job satisfaction which is productive because the team are involve in decisions.
Also in my finding, I discovered that though the leadership styles mention in this report is all helpful if implemented at the appropriate time, they also have demerit which are:
‘ It kills employees motivation and morale
‘ It can lead to a high level of employees’ turnover.
‘ Employees are not given opportunity to provide feedback.
‘ It is time consuming
‘ There is a delay in decision making
‘ There is a fall if skills and communication are not strong enough.
‘ It leads to hinder situation where speed or affiance is necessary
‘ It does not have direction since different people have different perspective, and could lead to ineffective style of leadership.
Coaching leadership style
‘ This style is said to be disadvantageous when the employees does not acknowledge their weakness.
‘ It does not have immediate result.
Afflictive leadership style
‘ There is a negative feedback from the employees when the leader does not take charge of affair and allows the member to take decision in goals and objective.
Pacesetting leadership styles
‘ In this leadership, leaders’ takes too much work for themselves and resist the issue of giving tasks to other member of their team, making it difficult to finish.
In my research I discovered that caching leadership style works best because it helps in improving individual performance and also achieving their goals to the goals of the organization. This works well when the employees acknowledge their weakness and wants more development. So my recommendation will go for the coaching leadership styles.
The coercive and pacesetting have their uses, it is also important to know that this style damages organizations in long-term by reducing flexibility and dedication of employee. So you must note that it should be in short term frame. In comparison the other four leadership styles has shown to be positive impact on our working environment.
An effective leader is someone that will be able to understand properly at least four out of the six mention leadership styles by Goleman and also can implement this style to suit the situation.
The coercive and pacesetting roles have to be use when the situation called for it.
Bickerstaff, G. (2012) Grow co conference, leadership styles to master, v012. (Accessed 26th February 2014)
Schultz, Duane p. Schultz, Sydney Ellen (2010). (Accessed on 26th February 2014)
Psychology and work today: an introduction to individual and organization psychology (10th edition). (accessed on 26th February 2014)
Upper saddle river, N.J: pretence hall.p.201 (Accessed on 26th February 2014)
1SBN978-0205683581. (Accesses on 26th February 2014)
Benincasa, R. (2012) how winning works: 8 essential leadership lessons from the toughest team on earth. (7th edition) New York. (Accessed on 26th February 2014)
Murray, A. (2010) six leadership styles that works best. Volume12 (issue1) page2. (Accessed on 26th February 2014)
http://www.scribd.com/doc/78981417/Leadership-Styles (Accessed on 28th February 2014)
http://voices.yahoo.com/the-advantages-coaching-leadership-style-2439790.html (Accessed on 28th February 2014)
http://www.ehow.com/info_8245794_disadvantages-leadership-style.html (Accessed on 28th February 2014)
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Various leadership styles and its impact on followers
There are varieties of factor which may affect people within the organization. Leadership style is one of the factors which have a huge impact at the subordinates and followers. There are usually six leadership styles which are present in today’s organizational setting. The six leadership styles are autocratic, participative, laissez faire, transformational, transactional, situational leadership styles. All these leadership style has its own impact and consequences. The availability of effective leadership not only determines the better decision making and organizational success, but the growth of individuals could also ensure. The most significant aspect of leadership style is that it controls all the activities and mainly affects the organizational culture. It includes values, ethics, and code of conduct, norms and beliefs. Thus the leadership style is supposed to adopt in very painstaking manner. The description of such leadership style with respect to impact at followers is as follows:
Autocratic leadership style: It is very significant style of leadership in which a leader takes all the decision on the basis of his gut feeling and whatever he is thinking towards the situation. The role of employees and followers is completely negligible in taking the decisions. Before assessing the impact of this style there is a huge requirement of creating certain situations. As here the impact of leadership has been measured on employees so the situation could be related to the experience or inexperience level of employees. The impact of leadership styles could vary as per the working pattern of employees as well. It is to acknowledge that if the employees are highly skilled and have a sufficient amount of experience, then using the autocratic leadership style could put negative impact on them. It can prevent them to showcase their potential and most importantly, they couldn’t be in the position to use their talent freely. The worst impact is that it can stop their growth as they are not able to utilize the talent due to the autocratic behaviour of a leader. On the contrary, if the employees are indiscipline and inexperienced then the autocratic leadership style can put positive impact at followers. In such situation, the leader can guide the followers in proper way and can ensure their growth as well. It provides a huge level of learning opportunity to the subordinates. But this element could be successful only if the followers and leaders share health relationship with each other and follower have trust on leaders. Thus, in this way the autocratic leadership style can put both positive and negative impacts on followers but there is need of ensuring the accuracy of situation.
Participative leadership style: It is another leadership style which is very common within the organizational settings. It is just opposite to the autocratic leadership style. Here in participative leadership style, a leader includes employees in the decision making process and it also has both positive and negative impacts at the followers. Again the situations are same as above. First is that if the employees are highly experienced then they feel motivated and in order to impress the leaders they nurture their potential and try to use their experience so that the innovative ideas could be provided into the decision making process. It removes the stress and high level of job satisfaction among followers could be noticed. On the contrary, if the leader is supportive or believes in participative leadership style then it just provides the growth opportunities and most importantly develops the confidence among followers who have less experience. They can apply their mind and followers get a proper chance to showcase their potential. It is considered as a most ideal leadership style that could be adopted by any leader. The only negative impact of participative leadership style is that decision making could be delayed as discussion is the basis of this particular style of leadership.
Laissez faire style of leadership: This leadership style has freedom in its base. The leaders are not bothered for the involvement in the decision making process and the followers have complete freedom to take decisions as per their gut feelings and experience level. In this style of leadership the employees who are inexperienced they face lots of problems and their learning ratio also got hampered. This kind of leadership is actually negative for its followers even worse than the autocratic leadership style. The followers have no chance to focus on new things and they can’t even take right decisions due to lack of experience. It again lowers down their confidence. Therefore, less availability of learning as well as growth opportunities could be treated as the negative impact of laissez faire leadership style on inexperienced employees. On the contrary, the old as well as experienced employees may lose their edge due to lack of guidance of leaders. The leaders always work as great supervisor who not only motivates but also shows the way to go ahead and finding a way to success. But no interference of leaders can make the experienced followers highly irresponsible and it could be negative for their growth. Therefore laissez faire leadership style should not be put into practice until and unless the employees are not motivated and have self learning attitude.
Transactional leadership style: This kind of leadership style has no relevancy with the decision making process or the involvement of employees within the organization into any decision. It simply focuses on building stronger organizations within the organization. If the leaders are relying on this leadership style then it has definitely inherited the discipline and punctuality within the company. The major impact at followers that they need to follow the basic fundamentals of the management else strict actions could be taken against them. Followers need to follow all the legal aspects as well as policies. Here the leaders might follow the traditional management principles rather than innovative management activities. The leaders get stuck to traditional and whole organizational culture also got designed accordingly. It is to acknowledge that the major impact on followers is that they can control their growth or failure path by them only. As the philosophy of a leader is that the punishment should be given for poor performance and appreciation should be provided if employees perform in excellent way. Thus the followers can determine the behaviour of leaders by their efforts only. It is clear that leaders motivate the employees either through punishment or rewarding them through performance so it creates a huge level of satisfactory environment for followers.Hence it could be stated that transactional leadership style also puts favourable impact at followers.
Transformational leadership style: Again, this style of leadership is completely differing than all other leadership styles. Here the leader is not a concern for the organizational culture or for the decision making process. The entire consideration of a leader is given to bringing the effectiveness within the organization and transforming the business operations at very rapid speed. The transfaomrtional leaders focus on innovation and accepting the change at very large scale. The major positive impact on followers is that they usually work in the highly competitive environment and it just enables them to increase their competitiveness. Here, skill, talent, hard work, learning attitude and a positive attitude are the only key to establish within the organization. The employees may get a chance and growth opportunities and overall development could be noticed if the leader is transformational. However the scenario here seems to be very much pressurized and stressed, but the leaders also have solution for it. They always provide the motivated working environment for the employees and foster the team environment where experience and inexperienced employee both work with each other in a collaborative manner. Thus the transformational leadership style also puts positive impact at the followers and makes them more innovative and competitive.
Situational leadership style: In modern era, or it could be said that in order to handle the globalization it was required to bring innovation into the leadership style as well so situational leadership style comes into existence. The philosophy of situational leadership style is that the leader can’t behave in the same manner in all the situations. Thus the major aim of situational leadership is to handle the management issues or various employees in a different manner as per the situation rather than any particular leadership style. It is a combination of all above leadership style and manager have to assess that what kind of leadership style could be effective under what circumstances. Here followers have advantages that they can build understandable relationship with a leader and the most importantly the message is clear from leaders that the benefit of organization is most significant or prioritized element. Another positive impact is that the follower’s remains relaxed due to the leader’s positive energy and situation handling capacity. Thus, in this way these are some of the major factors which corroborates towards the positive as well as the negative impact of leadership style on followers. It is a responsibility of both followers and leaders to identify the most appropriate leadership style and behave accordingly. Its impact could be experienced for the longer period of time and effective leadership legacy could also pass on to upcoming leaders.