If you are writing a persuasive essay (an argument) against abortion, your first task is to narrow the topic to fit the space you have available. As a first step, I suggest you look at a website called Pro-Con.org (see link below), which sets out arguments for and against many current and controversial issues, including abortion. Based on what you see there, and your own view on abortion, you can formulate a thesis. In your case, because you are writing against abortion, you will focus on those arguments against abortion. The thesis statement, which will guide your essay, must be a declarative statement--that is, it must state your position directly and forcefully, not in the form of a question. The best thesis statements incorporate a general opposition argument, like this: "Although many people argue that free access to abortion services helps to keep unwanted births at a minimum, abortions have a much greater negative effect on society because [and here you state the reasons you will argue against abortion]."
Many teachers ask you to put the thesis statement as the first sentence of the first paragraph. I suggest. however, that you place it at the end of the first paragraph, a technique that allows you to hook your reader's interest by using facts and statistics that support your overall argument. Open the first paragraph with a list of statistics that overwhelms the reader: for example, statistics related to the number of unwanted births; the cost to society of raising an unwanted child; the financial and psychological cost to the birth parents, especially if they are below the age of 21. Using statistics at the beginning is effective because statistics, if they are properly derived, cannot be argued with. Someone who opposes you view has to argue other reasons for supporting abortions.
During your research, you will have identified a number of strong arguments against abortion. Keeping in mind that abortion is a very broad topic, narrow your focus so that you can argue a few topics thoroughly rather than many topics shallowly. Depending upon the assignment, you may have room to discuss only three or four arguments against abortion and, as you will see from looking at a site like Pro-Con.org, there are too many to handle in that space. Your essay's body paragraphs will each focus one specific argument, and you will have as many paragraphs as you have arguments.
As an argument strategy, in addition to laying out your own arguments against abortion, you must acknowledge that two or three strong arguments against your point of view exist. That can be handled in an early paragraph and will convince your readers that you understand the complexity of the topic and, more important, that you recognize that reasonable people can have radically different views on the same topic, especially one like abortion that appeals to emotions, religious beliefs, and to belief systems that are not religion-based.
When you write a good essay, you will often discover that, as you write, you may actually change your view of the topic slightly--this happens all the time to experienced writers and is a natural process. In that case, you may actually modify your thesis to accommodate those changes in your view, so think of the thesis statement as a work-in-progress, not set in stone.
Interesting Facts Taken from the Best Abortion Essay Examples
What is the first rule of an argumentative essay? Right, to persuade people of your truth. As people tend not to believe every single word they hear, it’s important to share some meaningful evidence to support the author’s arguments. It means that an extra research is required. All in all, it may take a while. Using various abortion essay examples, we will try to reveal the basic rules of composing a winning argumentative or persuasive paper to let the audience accept your point of view.
Before writing, it’s important to take a separate sheet and put down all ideas you have managed to find on a given issue. Use both primary and secondary sources in your research to collect the most credible and up-to-date information. Teachers recommend finding sources that are no older than 5 years. It means that in 2017, it is better to find sources that were published in 2012-2017. Academic journals, scholarly articles, and books are the best sources to be applied.
Let’s say you’re writing an informative piece on abortion which claims that abortion is the same as murder. You’re against abortions, and you want more people to support your idea. Put down all pros and cons of abortions. Yes, you need the opposing views as well to provide an objective and most complete analysis. The presence of both points of view in your paper increases its credibility; professional writers always try to stay objective no matter how subjective the discussed issue is.
For instance, you may put down the following facts to support your argument:
- Abortion takes a life of the innocent creature.
- Each human being is a person.
- The pregnancy always involves at least two bodies.
- Parents are responsible for their child once it’s in there.
- Objectively, abortions are against the law (provide the names of corresponding laws and regulations).
- Nothing in the world can morally justify this action.
- Less than 1% of abortions take place to save the life of the pregnant woman.
As you can see, the last point involves specific statistics.
Discover some abortion essay examples to persuade your audience
Facts and statistics/figures are a must when writing an argumentative or persuasive paper. You can say that there are too many abortions in the United States so that the government and community should do something about it. However, it’s just your words. Only if you show the specific figures shared by the authorities and responsible organizations like, for example, the American Nurses Association, the target audience will trust you.
When you quote any other research or share statistics, it is critical to add the name of the used source. Some readers won’t trust you until they see the proof in their own eyes. Besides, adding references is the demand of any teacher/professor. It is part of the grading rubric.
Once you’re done, it is time to come up with the powerful thesis statement. A thesis is the main argument of the whole paper. It pops up in the essay’s introduction, and the main goal is to support it with the discovered evidence. On the whole, in the first paragraph, the author simply introduces the topic. The best way to engage the reader from the first few lines is to add a hook sentence. Let’s have a look at the samples of argumentative paper on abortion:
“Each of the fertilized eggs already has a life inside so that it can be treated as an individual human being. Thus, we can say that almost 35% of modern parents murder human each time they decide to do an abortion.”
As we can see, a thesis usually consists of 1-2 sentences. Mind that a thesis proposal as a separate assignment is a long, doctoral-level project. You won’t face it unless you wish to gain a Ph.D. degree. Developing a simple two-sentence thesis statement is a nice practice. It may be useful later in your life when you face the need to persuade someone in something.
Don’t forget about the controversial argument! As your thesis tries to prove that abortions are a separate type of murder, the opposing view must support abortions through explaining the reasons why sometimes it may be better to get rid of the egg until the baby is born. After the counter argument, the author has to come back to his view and try to deny the controversial opinion. Once again, it is important to use valuable facts and statistics.
Thus, writing a good argumentative paper involves:
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