Pessimism Essay

Optimism and Pessimism in Voltaire’s Candide Essay

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In Voltaire’s Candide, we are taken by the hand through an adventure which spanned two continents, several countries, and to a multitude of adverse characters. The protagonist, Candide, became the recipient of the horrors which would be faced by any person in the 18th century. But Candide was always accompanied with fellows sufferers, two of which our focus will lay, Pangloss and Martin. In equal respects, both are embodiments of different philosophies of the time: Pangloss the proponent of Optimism and Martin the proponent of Pessimism. Each of the two travelers is never together with Candide, until the end, but both entice him to picture the world in one of their two philosophies. Throughout the story there is an apparent ebb and flow…show more content…

But still, he is optimistic about the world. Without Cunegonde, I believe, that Candide would not so readily accept Optimism. His love for her is so strong that it renders Candide naïve to the world’s horrors. Candide’s South American wanderings in many respects become the apex of the Optimistic world view. The zenith of it comes once Candide and Cacambo stumble into Eldorado. The city of Eldorado, compared to their European contemporaries, can be qualified as a utopia. Eldoradan society and law are predicated on the ideals of equality for all, unlike in European where the idea is spoken but not put into practice. Eldorado society is described to be perfect in every way. There are no courts, no prisons; it is described to be a perfect society. The idea of Eldorado can be suggested as a false hope for Candide and Optimism because of the preposterously perfect society of Eldorado. Also due to the fact that it illustrates how impossible the task would be to undertake by a European to create a similar society. This fact especially is made clear by the king of Eldorado, “We have always hitherto been safe from the rapacity of European nations with their unaccountable fondness for the pebbles and dirt off our land, and who would kill us to the very last man just to lay their hands on the stuff” (Voltaire, Candide, 48).
The waning of Optimism from Candide comes to the

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It is a general notion that an optimist will see a glass of water half full but a pessimist will see it half empty. Pessimist is a person with stitched lips but an optimist having the will power to break free from it. The ways we look at things are the key holes for a better future.

I believe that we are run by our positive and negative thoughts and they are the deciders of our future. If we dwell on positivity then positive outcomes are assured but when negativity lures our mind, we are locked up behind our own made up bars.

But sometimes the thoughts which arise in our minds are the results of past memories. If we had a good past with a good start then we will always be filled up with positive vibes but when something bad or distorted happens to us, it makes our lives vulnerable because we dwell on it.

Markus and James were best of friends, like two peas in a pod but with a difference in attitude.

Markus was always a free willed person, and never relied on the door that knocked discouragement. He made the world seem fine when darkness lured his hearth. James was a total opposite, like a parallel line facing another. He could not be pointed out as a negative guy, but a person of assertiveness and false perceptions. As said before, everybody has the past where they can choose to get absorbed in it or to get out of it. James was one of them. He never made an attempt to get out of darkness. He always chose what he never meant to be. One day, Markus and James saw a man cleaning the garbage chute. “If I don’t get a job sooner, I will end up like him,” James said. To that, Markus replied “I think you should get a job so that those people shouldn’t suffer. Make your world better so that they can become better.” That was the power of optimism which left James speechless.

An innovative thought which made James go awe because he never thought it that way. James always saw things with new perceptions that always had a positive outcome even in harsh times. Markus held James’s hand with determination because he wanted to make light visible in his eyes by tearing apart the darkness within him. Darkness over here refers to the inability to reach the ladder of success because one is afraid of heights. Now for example, think of two worlds where one world is ruled by optimism and another one by pessimism.

How would it be?

The optimist would have everything in right manner because their positivity would make it so, but pessimist would remain stagnant, repulsive and opposite minded and it would lead them to an unhealthy environment and to an aimless path.

The success of every individual is possible because of his hopeful, positive and rose-coloured attitude. Many successful people could reach success because their thoughts were progressive, even when their failures were stagnant. The knowledge about optimism will make a person have a different view towards life but when he is ignorant about this quality called optimism, he will miss being real in life, because being scared or imagining defeat never bought good to anyone. It is the very reason why numerous people could achieve what they wanted in their life and that lead to inventions, discoveries and innovation

Thus, the conclusion over here is that an optimist will always remain ahead for success but a pessimist will remain where he is.

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